― Muammar Muhammad Abu Minyar al-Gaddafi commonly known as Muammar Gaddafi or Colonel Gaddafi. He was the official ruler of the Libyan Arab Republic from 1969 to 1977 and then the "Brother Leader" of the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya from 1977 to 2011. He was born in June 1942 and martyred on 20 October 2011. ∙ Here are some memorable pictures of his family being displayed here. ∙ Muhammad Hosni El Sayed Mubarak former politician and military commander of Egypt is shaking hand with him. .